CacheQuery: Learning Replacement Policies from Hardware Caches


We show how to infer deterministic cache replacement policies using off-the-shelf automata learning and program synthesis techniques. For this, we construct and chain two abstractions that expose the cache replacement policy of any set in the cache hierarchy as a membership oracle to the learning algorithm, based on timing measurements on a silicon CPU. Our experiments demonstrate an advantage in scope and scalability over prior art and uncover 2 previously undocumented cache replacement policies.

In 41st ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation.